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All You Need To Know About Lockdown 3.0

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The novel coronavirus (COVID-19) that has been spreading worldwide since December 2019 has sickened millions of people, shut down major cities, prompted unprecedented global travel restrictions, and influenced the global spread of misinformation and panic.

The Government of India confirmed that India’s first case of Coronavirus disease 2019 on 30 January 2020 in the state of Kerala, when a university student from Wuhan travelled back to the state. The number has been increasing ever since. The basic prevention measured by WHO and other known health organization is social distancing. India has planned the lockdown as a preventive measure in 3 phrases:

Phase 1: 25 March 2020 – 14 April 2020

Phase 2: 15 April 2020 – 3 May 2020

Phase 3: Scheduled from 4 May 2020 – 17 May 2020

The Third Phase

The third phase that is to commence from 4th May 2020 has been announced by the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) and the Government of India (GoI) on 1 May 2020. They issued an Order under the Disaster Management Act, 2005 with revised guidelines and relaxations. These rules can’t be diluted by any state or UT. Inter-state and cross border movement of goods/cargo is allowed for all the state and UT. Standard operating protocols for movement of migrants, tourists, stranded labours, Indian seafarers that are issued from 2nd April till 1st May 2020 will remain in action.

What are the new guidelines for Lockdown 3.0?

The country has been spilt in 3 zones. The country has been split into 3 zones: Red zones (130 districts), Orange zones (284 districts) and Green zones (319 districts). Red Zones have a high number of coronavirus cases and a high doubling rate, Orange Zones have comparatively fewer cases and Green Zones have not had any cases in the past 21 days.

In all zones, people above 65 years of age, persons with co-morbidities, pregnant women, and children below the age of 10 years, shall stay at home, except for meeting essential requirements and for health purposes. 

The identification of containment zones by local authorities is also to be done which will have the stricter protocol in movement and recording of movement. These areas in red or orange zone will have no movement of people except for medical emergencies and maintenance of supply. OPD or clinics are not allowed to be open here.

The containment zone will be defined based on:

  1. The index case/cluster, which will be the designated epicentre
  2. The listing and mapping of contacts.
  3. Geographical distribution of cases and contacts around the epicentre.
  4. Administrative boundaries within urban cities /town/ rural area.

Some activities are totally prohibited irrespective of the zones like Air, rail, metro, running of schools, colleges, and other educational and training/coaching institutions; hospitality services, including hotels and restaurants; places of large public gatherings, such as cinema halls, malls, gymnasiums, sports complexes etc; social, political, cultural and other kinds of gatherings; and, religious places/ places of worship for the public. However, movement of persons by air, rail and road is allowed for select purposes, and for purposes as permitted by MHA.

Movement of individuals, for all nonessential activities, shall remain strictly prohibited between 7 pm to 7 am. Local authorities are to restrict the movement can issue orders as per appropriate law like section 144 of CrPC

Executive magistrates are appointed as the incident commander and he is responsible for the implementation of guidelines and issuances of passes. He will also ensure the allocation of resources and functioning of hospitals.

What all activities are allowed in different zones?

RED  ZONEORANGE ZONEGREEN ZONE
Malls, shops with non-essential commodities, public transport to remain close.
 Movement of people if:
1) Four wheeler vehicle then max 2 people
2) Two-wheeler then single person is allowed. 
Private employees with 33% strength. Government employees of deputy secretary and above with 100% and others with 33% strength*
Buses won’t ply but taxis with 1 or 2 passengers. inter-district with permission and other Movement of people if 1) Four wheeler vehicle then max 2 people Buses can operate with 50% capacity and bus depots with 50% capacity. E commerce for non-essentials and liquor sale is allowed.

*doesn’t apply to defence, family welfare, police, prison, emergency services, municipal, custom and disaster management department.

What is allowed (with restrictions and social distancing)?

  • Manufacturing units of essential goods, including drugs, pharmaceuticals, medical devices, their raw materials
  • Manufacturing of IT hardware
  • Jute industry with staggered shifts and social distancing; and,
  •  Manufacturing units of packaging material.
  •  Construction activities are limited to in-situ construction (where workers are available on-site).
  • All standalone (single) shops, neighbourhood (colony) shops and shops in residential complexes.

What are the Penal Provisions for violation?

Anyone violating the regulations of lockdown will be penalized under section 51 to 60 of the disaster management act, 2005 with section 188 of IPC and other required law.

Mandatory guidelines in Public places

  • Wearing of face cover is compulsory in all public places.
  • All persons in charge of public places and transport must ensure social distancing as per the Centre’s guidelines.
  • No organisation will allow gathering of five or more persons.
  • Marriages related gathering shall ensure social distancing and the maximum number of guests allowed shall not be more than 50.
  • Funeral related gathering shall ensure social distancing and maximum numbers allowed shall not be more than 20.
  • Spitting in public places shall be punishable with fine, as may be prescribed by the state/UT.
  • Consumption of liquor, paan, gutka, tobacco, etc, in public places, is not allowed.
  • Shops selling liquor, paan, gutka, tobacco, etc, will ensure a minimum six feet distance from each other and also ensure not more than five persons are present at one time at the shop.

Mandatory guidelines for workplaces

  • Wearing of masks is compulsory.
  • Social distancing and compulsory transport.
  • Provision for thermal scanning, hand wash and sanitizer preferably with the touch-free mechanism at all entry and exit points.
  • Frequent sanitization of the entire workplace, common facilities and all points, which come into human contact.
  • The person above 65 years of age, those with co-morbidities, pregnant women and children below 10 years of age shall stay at home.
  • Use of Aarogya Setu app will be made compulsory for all employees, both private and public. “It shall be the responsibility of respective organisations to ensure 100 per cent coverage of the app among employees,” says the Centre’s guidelines.
  • Large physical meetings must be avoided.
  • Offices will have to earmark quarantine facilities to isolate employees in case anyone shows COVID-19 symptoms.
  • Companies will have to ensure transport facilities, wherever personal or public transport is not feasible.

References

Deepanshi Trivedi<br>Student, Symbiosis Law School NOIDA
Deepanshi Trivedi
Student, Symbiosis Law School NOIDA

Deepanshi is Human rights and Corporate Law Enthusiast. She is an avid reader and Researcher. She doesn’t like sitting idle and keeps herself updated with the latest happenings around the World. For any Clarifications, feedback, and suggestion, you can her at deepanshitrivedi@gmail.com

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